Nigeria is blessed with rich natural resources as well as a mixture of fascinating cultural traditions, with more than 250 distinct tribes with their unique religious beliefs and languages. Nigeria’s past political turmoil has been characterised by violent clashes, oppressive dictatorial regimes, and severe human rights abuses. Today, Nigeria is still a volatile nation with intercultural conflicts.

The former national capital, Lagos, is Africa’s second largest city after Cairo. With its severe traffic congestion, endless crowds, shocking pollution and dangerous neighbourhoods, this hectic urban jungle may be overwhelming to first-time visitors. However, those travellers willing to give Lagos a chance will appreciate the unique and unforgettable experience. Lagos has a pulsating nightlife encompassing a wide range of nightspots and live music establishments offering a mixture of laid-back West African riffs and rhythms.

Abuja is the new Nigerian capital, which was founded by the national authorities without much forethought. Due to the government’s poor financial planning, Abuja remains largely an incomplete project. Although the new capital is slowly filling up and taking shape, there are limited tourist facilities. Home to a brilliant Old City, the ancient Islamic settlement of Kano is much more compelling. Additionally, Kano is the oldest West African city.

Nigeria is one of the globe’s only two countries where the famous Guinness beer is brewed outside of Irish territory. Although it isn’t exactly the same beer, it is pretty tasty. The finest hotels can be found in significant cities such as Abuja and Lagos, with lodging options outside these larger hubs being pretty miserable.

Flights operated by Nigeria Airways connect Lagos and most of the state capitals. The national carrier also provides flights to a number of European and West African destinations. The railway network in Nigeria is Africa’s fifth largest. Unfortunately years of poor maintenance have drastically reduced the railway’s capacity and utility. During the past 10 years the federal government has tried to improve Nigeria’s road network, but in general roads are still in bad shape.