Boasting a fascinating history of ancient civilisations and colonial heritage, Peru is a land loaded with magnificent biodiversities. Visitors and drawn to Peru for its ancient remains, lofty mountains and sublime beaches as well as its pretty landscapes, welcoming people and ethnic music.

Lima, the capital, is an ideal getaway for adventurous travellers: striking architecture, informative museums and welcoming locals. The well-preserved colonial centre of Lima boasts quaint café-lined plazas. The old buildings in the centre provide eye candy while the city’s magnificent churches offer respite from the din outside.

Cuzco has an array of fascinating archaeological wonders and a history as the oldest continuously inhabited settlement on the continent. A walk through the city will reveal stone walls constricted by the Inca, La Merced church and the 16th century cathedral.

Machu Picchu, only rediscovered in modern times, was the Inca’s stronghold and is today Peru’s most famous archaeological site. Overlooking the Urubamba River from its lofty mountain peak setting, this ancient settlement is a must-visit. Machu Picchu can be reached by train or by taking the Inca Trail, a four-day trip.

The Coricancha ruins on the outskirts of Cuzco were once covered in gold. The archaeology museum here is home to outstanding gold and metal work as well as centuries-old jewellery and items of everyday use. The mummies are a highlight. Sacsayhuaman, Puca Pucara, Qenko and Tambo Machay are other ruins in the area and are worth visiting. Taquile Island on Lake Titicaca spans a 24-kilometre stretch from Puno. In the deep south is Arequipa (White City), which enjoys a backdrop of mountains.

Peru has every class of accommodation in abundance, from the cheap and dirty to luxurious international style hotels in the capital. Lima International Airport serves the Americas and Europe. Inland travel is by luxury coach or plane.